The Norfolk photography Project commenced as a full project in 2001 and gradually developed over the years. Originally I planned for the documentary and landscape project to last around five years, but eventually I realised that the project could run over a much longer time frame and be far more detailed than I’d first envisaged. The long term aspect of this project is important. I’ve never had any photography project that has lasted anywhere near as long as this one. Usually you may cover a story or a subject for a set period of time – and then end the photography. I wanted to develop something that I could return to again and again. Over the years it has grown into a large collection of images covering a broad range of subject matter.
The first question probably is: Why Norfolk? You don’t live there! Well that is very much part of the reason for choosing the county. First of all it is an immensely diverse part of the UK with a large coastline and a fascinating history that continues right up to modern times. Norfolk during World War II was particularly important for a number of reasons. First of all the county was heavily fortified against German invasion along its coast and inland areas (Norfolk was the nearest part of England to Germany and considered the most likely place for a German invasion attempt) using a sophisticated network of gun emplacements and machine gun pillboxes. Later in the war, Norfolk became one huge aircraft carrier packed with no less than 37 airfields in operation, used in the European air campaign by the United States Army Air Force (USAAF) and Royal Air Force (RAF) – you don’t have to go far to see the visible scars of its wartime role. These days the county offers a great blend of coastal and rural experiences that appeal to everyone from the bird watcher to the water sports enthusiast. A detailed photography project could just be done about the Norfolk Broads alone, taking in the vast network of man-made waterways, the boats and the people who navigate them.
The first hints of the project began to emerge slowly in late 1999 although it took some time for the photography to come together as a project. It wasn’t until 2001 that the idea of doing a planned project started to take shape. There was never any clear structured plan for the photography at the start, although the project did have a loose framework of a five year lifespan and 35mm photography only. That rigid criteria was soon altered to include medium format (6×6 especially) and digital formats. Formats for inclusion in the project at a later date include large format photography, audio and video – the project moves with the technology. The project has developed gradually over the years with certain aspects being rejected or included; that’s the great thing about long term projects – you get the time to think them out more. A big influence was the 1993 photography book series photographer’s Britain where a photographer photographed a particular part of the UK special to them. The photographer John Tordai chose Northumberland and produced an excellent book about the county using a documentary landscape style. That book became a major influence for the Norfolk project.
Throughout the project, the photography has always remained in a documentary style. Like the Tordai book, i wanted the imagery to cover as broader spectrum of topics as possible. I wanted to document aspects of Norfolk away from the normal, more obvious sunny seaside holiday world. A set of images taken early in the project covered the darker side of seaside life focusing on the flowers and memorials left on the cliff top at Hunstanton. What amazed me most about these small tributes to suicide victims, was the lack of engagement from the passing tourists. Only a few seem to notice, or wanted to acknowledge, that a place of sun, sea and fun for one family, had become a place of grief and loss for another. Somehow it felt weird, out of place, to have these sad reminders of a lost life in the same place. A number of the memorials were visited semi-regularly with some even displaying pretty much permanent crosses or markers. The issue appears to be have been kept low key, however at one noticeable section, the cliff top fence was literally covered in Samaritan posters giving a number to ring if someone needed help. Obviously the suicide rate was a huge issue that needed to be addressed. Again people walked by these posters without seeming to notice them. It was as if anything sad was tuned out, and yet the sad events that took place on those cliffs had become part of the holiday experience of walking along the cliff top. Sometimes you can’t help but notice.
We tend to forget, when we visit places, that they are working environments where people go about their lives, and not just pretty holiday destinations. The issues in Norfolk are varied, and many probably differ little from any of the other rural counties in England, but some issues do appear in more subtle ways, whether it be an expensive car or signs for the Samaritans. The distorting power of money does have an big affect on community and the economy. In Norfolk you can see it clearly. If you start house hunting at Burnham Market and work your way east along the coast, you’ll soon see a financial gradient effect where second home buyers from the south of England have driven the housing prices up in selected areas like Burnham Market. The results of excessive second home ownership can be semi deserted villages during winter as local people are driven out due to housing issues, living costs and lack of job opportunities. The popularity of the county causes social shifts to occur which then lead to other social issues that become increasingly harder to solve. Most rural areas suffer from this to some degree, but Norfolk seems to be affected more due to its close proximity to London. Similar problems can also be seen in counties like Cornwall and Devon.
2011 marked the tenth anniversary of the photography project, and I decided to pause the image taking, collate what i have, and put together the first part of the project as a photography book. I’ve shot so much material over the years, colour film, black and white film, digital, 6×6, 6×4.5 and 35mm, that it’s going to take some time to put it all together into a organised collection of images – far longer than I originally imagined. To be honest, a large degree of the material has never been scanned or viewed on screen before. It’s going to be huge job putting the book together, but it seems the best way of finishing this first phase of the project. It’s interesting looking back on the photography and seeing the various influences i have come through in the work. Much of the landscape work has drawn influence from the John Tordai book but other areas of the project, in particularly the Norwich photographs, seem to take their influence from other photographers i admire like John Davies and even Sebastião Salgado. The work will be collected together into a landscape format book to be released in early 2014.
There is still so much to photograph in Norfolk. One area I’d like to concentrate on sometime in the future is the relics of war that have become part of the Norfolk landscape. Pillboxes, gun emplacements and airfields stand as reminders that the county was once an intensely militarised area. In some places, these memorials to the past have become tourist attractions, telling their story to countless individuals passionate about the past, whereas others remain forgotten, quiet and alone in a secluded section of woods or fields. Some airfields like the one at Thorpe Abbotts have taken on a role informing tourists of the wartime role of the county. Some airfields remain in use whereas other sites remain forgotten and empty or have returned to agricultural use. Other fortifications like the roadside pillboxes seen inland in a number of villages remain as reminders of the intricate WWII defence network designed to repel any potential Nazi invasion. Elsewhere the defences are starting to come under attack from the sea as the coast erodes. Over the years a number of the coastal defences have already fallen from the top of the cliff and ended up in the sea or on the beach as the photograph taken in Cromer shows.
The project certainly isn’t over. There are so many subject ideas, and probably only a few will ever see the light of day, but there’s plenty of time to develop these ideas further. The project that started with a five year lifespan, now has no cut off point, no end date, no finishing point. It just keeps going and develops as the years go by. New formats have been added in the past and this will continue with 5×4 photography, audio and video to be just some of the formats included in phase two of the project. There have been side offshoots from the Norfolk project too, the biggest being the book ‘Sea, Sky, Sand and Street’.
Currently the project is on hold as the book, marking the end of the first phase of this project, is developed. The gallery for this project, featuring colour and black and white images, documentary and landscape work, is being updated regularly as the photography is collated and edited.
Favourite Photograph: It’s tough choosing a favourite from this photo project, but i’d have to say that the black and white image taken at the top of the old USAAF control tower at Thorpe Abbotts is among my top pictures. It really captured the serene atmosphere of the old airfield. The control tower has been renovated and now holds a wonderful museum dedicated to the men of the 100th Bomb Group who flew from that field. Visiting the atmospheric museum, it wasn’t hard to imagine the B-17s coming into land after another tough mission over wartime Europe. It reminded me of the haunting opening sequence to the 1949 film ‘Twelve O’Clock High’ where a former USAAF air force officer goes back to visit his old airfield.
THE GALLERY IS BEING UPDATED REGULARLY FOR THIS PROJECT AND A PHOTOGRAPHY BOOK IS PLANNED.